About Rabab | Rubab History

The rubab is a short-necked lute whose body is cut out of a solitary bit of wood, with a film, covering the empty bowl of the sound-chamber, whereupon the scaffold is situated. It has three tune strings tuned in fourths, a few automaton strings, and up to 15 thoughtful strings. The instrument is produced using the storage compartment of a mulberry tree, the head from a creature skin, for example, goat, and the strings either gut (from the digestive organs of youthful goats, brought to the size of string) or nylon.


The rubab is known as “the lion of instruments” and is one of the two national instruments of Afghanistan (with the zerbaghali). Old style Afghan music frequently includes this instrument as a key segment. Somewhere else it is known as the Kabuli rebab. In appearance, the Kabuli rubab appears to be marginally unique from the Indian rubab. It is the progenitor of the South Asian sarod, however — dissimilar to the sarod — it is a worried instrument.

The rubab is authenticated from the seventh century CE. It is referenced in old Persian books, and numerous Sufi artists notice it in their sonnets. It is the conventional instrument of Khorasan[vague] and today it is broadly utilized in nations, for example, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iran, Turkey, Iraq, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, just as the Xinjiang Uyghur Region of northwest China.

The rubab holds as the principal instrument utilized by Sikhism; it was utilized by Bhai Mardana the buddy of Guru Nanak. At whatever point a shabad was uncovered to Guru Nanak he would sing it and Bhai Mardana would play it on his rubab; he was known as a rubabi. The rubab playing convention is carried on by certain Sikhs, for example, Namdharis

In Tajikistan a comparable however to some degree particular rubab-I-pamir (Pamiri rubab) is played, having a shallower body and neck. The rubab of the Pamir zone has six gut strings, one of which, instead of running from the head to the scaffold, is joined halfway down the neck, like the fifth string of the American banjo.

Rabab (instrument) string instrument
Rabab, robab or rubab (in Pushto: روباب, Persian: رُباب‎, Hindi: रुबाब) is a lute-like string musical instrument originating from central Afghanistan according to rubab teachers. The rubab is mainly used in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Rubab is one of the national musical instruments of Afghanistan.

Rabab is some time calling term Rubab, Rabab and Rebab by different people.
Name of Rubab is given according to his size
Rabab have strings , skin, and wood.

Rabab or rubab word mean a beautiful woman.but now original words are outdated for today’s music instruments

Name of Rubab by size
large: Shah Rubab , 21 strings , 15 sympathetic strings.

medium-sized normal rabab: Rubab ( رباب‎ ), 19 strings, 13 sympathetic strings ( Support String )

small-sized ( Totha ): Zaliche ( زيلچه‎), 5 sympathetic strings
Components of Rubab
Kassah ( کاسه ‎) = bowl, Shell
Badanah ( بدنه‎) = body
Safah ( صفحه‎) = side
Dastah ( Motea )( دسته‎) (‘hand’)= Neck (music)
Goshi ( ghovagi ) ( گوشی‌‎) (‘ear’)= Tuning peg
Sheitanak (little devil) ( شیطانک‎) Nut (string instrument)
Seemgeer ( سیم گیر‎) (‘wire-capture’) = Site for binding the strings below the Corpus
Sar Penjah ( سر پنجه‎) or Taj(Persian: تاج‎)
Pust ( Gorea )( پوست‎) = Skin
Kharak ( tato )( خرک‎) = Bridge (instrument)
Mezrab ( shabaz )(Persian: مضراب‎)= Plectrum

Notable players

Aziz Herawi (born 1952) Afghan born Ustad, now residing in California
Mohammad Omar (1905—1980), Rubab player from Afghanistan
Mohammad Rahim Khoshnavaz (b. 1943)
Homayun Sakhi, Rubab player from Afghanistan

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